ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

Thứ Năm, 16 tháng 11, 2017

How feasible is it to get a patent without an attorney (it is relatively advanced and there are few attorneys with acceptable knowledge)?

You can read some literature (like Patent It Yourself by Pressman) and have a reasonable shot at preparing a document that, ultimately, will become a patent.

The question you didn’t ask is what the value of that patent is. I hate to sound elitist, but without an attorney steering the ship from the beginning, it’s unlikely that patent will have substantial value.

It’s not that patent attorneys are gods among men, who uniquely possess the high degree of intellectual rigor to prepare a patent application. It’s just that patent law is insanely complex and unintuitive. There are a ton of ways you could go wrong.

And worse yet, by “wrong,” I don’t mean you’ll limit your chances of getting a patent. No, you’ll get a patent. But there will be some odd phrase buried somewhere between the application you prepared and the advocacy you undertook to get the application granted that will drastically limit the scope of the patent. And to the trained eye, those phrases jump off the page.

To put it another way, when I was a young patent attorney, the typical process would be that I’d draft an application and send it to an experienced partner for review. We’d inevitably meet to discuss it.

There often followed a word-by-word cross examination about why I wrote the application the way I did. “Do you need this word? Are we going to get a patent because of this word, and not get a patent without it? What purpose does this word serve?” That kind of thing.

For a long time, I would come away from those meetings with a much better understanding of the invention, and how to write a much better application. I like to think of myself as a reasonably clever guy, but even after law school and internships and all that, I couldn’t write a good patent application for at least a year after practicing. I am not unique in that regard.

As for the technological demands for understanding your invention, I assure you, someone can understand it. The good news is, they have you to help them. These days, it’s not hard to find a patent attorney with a PhD in the discipline your invention is in — at least broadly speaking.

How ANT Lawyers Could Help Your Business?
Please click here to learn more about ANT Lawyers IP Practice or contact our IP lawyers in Vietnam for advice via email ant@antlawyers.vn or call our office at (+84) 24 32 23 27 71



Thứ Tư, 15 tháng 11, 2017

What is the first patent in America? And the patent number?

First patent issued by U.S.: First U.S. Patent Issued Today in 1790, issued in 1790.
They didn’t start using numbers until 1836, when Patent #1 was issued on July 13, 1836:

Another 108 patents issued in 1836. Patent #1 was issued to Senator John Ruggles, who happened to be chairman of the Senate Committee on Patents. While there, he put through a bill to reorganize the Patent Office, presumably knowing that one part of the bill would be that patents would now be numbered, went and invented something nominal so that, the sleaze he was, he could nab that first number. Here is the patent in full: Patent US1 - Locomotive steam-engine for rail and other roads.

How ANT Lawyers Could Help Your Business?
Please click here to learn more about ANT Lawyers IP Practice or contact our IP lawyers in Vietnam for advice via email ant@antlawyers.vn or call our office at (+84) 24 32 23 27 71



Thứ Năm, 9 tháng 11, 2017

Effectiveness of a Lawsuit against Infringement of IP in Vietnam

Should IP holders handle with the infringement through litigation?
How to handle effectively with infringement is a big concern of Intellectual Property (IP) holders. Should the IP holder file a lawsuit at Court? Is this way effective in Vietnam?  This article will give you general information about handling of intellectualproperty disputes through legal action at court in Vietnam.


Unlike many countries in the world, in case of infringement, most IP holders proceed with lawsuits in the courts (judicial authorities), while other administrative agencies only perform measures to ensure enforcement of judgments of the court.
Protection of IP rights through the litigation has many advantages over administrative measures because it guarantees the enforcement and compensation from infringers. However, in our opinions, the practice of resolving IP rights disputes in courts is not as effective as administrative measures in Vietnam.
Vietnamese laws have not given separate regulations on procedures for settling IP disputes. Therefore, the procedures for settling disputes shall be governed by the Law on Civil procedure. According to Clause 2 of Article 30 and Clause 1 of Article 34 of this law, disputes over intellectual property rights and technology transfer between individuals and organizations and all purposes of profit are commercial disputes to be trialed at the courts of the province.
According to Article 202 of the IP Law, the court could decide the following civil measures to the infringers upon IP right:
-Compelling termination of the infringement of intellectual property rights;
-Compelling public rectification and apology;
-Compelling the performance of civil obligations;
-Compelling compensation for damages;
-Compelling destruction, or distribution/ use for non-commercial purpose.
In addition, when initiating a lawsuit or during dispute at court, the IP holders may request the court to apply provisional emergency measures in order to prevent damages.
In practice, the IP holder does not proactively protect IP rights by civil measures to file a lawsuit at court. The number of cases resolved by courts is much lower than the number of cases handled by administrative measures. Specifically, the number of cases resolved by court are 177 cases from 2012 to 2015, of which 91 cases were canceled. The number of cases resolved by administrative measure is of 22,914 cases (excluding cases handled by Vietnam Customs Authority)
The reason for the above survey is that, the IP holder is less likely to resolve disputes through courts because time for dispute resolution is lengthy, the process is cumbersome and complicated, but not as effective as administrative measures. Therefore, dealing with disputes in the specialized administrations will give faster effects to the IP holders in Vietnam.

How ANT Lawyers Could Help Your Business?

Please click here to learn more about ANT Lawyers IP Practice or contact our IP lawyers in Vietnam for advice via email ant@antlawyers.vn or call our office at (+84) 24 32 23 27 71



Thứ Tư, 8 tháng 11, 2017

Dispute Resolution Through Arbitration

Dispute resolution methods are litigation, negotiation, mediation and arbitration. Handing disputes requires litigation law firm with dispute lawyers in Vietnam having experience and knowledge to provide resolutions to complex cross-border issues, commercial and civil disputes.

In the current business environment, most business agreements could contain a clause stipulating that disputes arisen must be resolved in arbitration.  For a dispute to be referred to arbitration, there must be a valid arbitration agreement in writing, either as an arbitration clause within a contract or a separate agreement.  If the agreement is included within the context of a contract, the arbitration clause is considered independent, and any modification, extension, or termination of the contract does not affect the validity of the arbitration clause. Vietnamese law allows for a written arbitration agreement to take the form in any written form, so long as the writing clearly indicates the parties’ intent to resolve any dispute via arbitration. If a dispute falls within the scope of a valid arbitration agreement, but a party attempts to initiate court proceedings, the residing court does not have jurisdiction over the matter, and must drop the case. Moreover, an arbitration agreement does not have to stipulate specific dispute matters and/or the arbitration organization authorized to resolve disputes without supplemental agreement.  Even if there is a valid arbitration agreement, Vietnamese Arbitration Law stipulates that in order for a dispute to go to arbitration, it must also fit into one of three categories:
(1) disputes arising from “commercial activities”;
(2) disputes where at least one party is engaged in commercial activities;
(3) other disputes where the law stipulates that arbitration is a permissible means of resolution.
In category (1), the term “commercial activity” is defined in Commercial Law No. 36-2005-QH11 (31 December 2005) as “activity for profit-making purposes comprising the purchase and sale of goods, provision of services, investment, commercial enhancement, and other activities for profit-making purposes.”  The types of disputes that often fall into the second category are noncommercial disputes, such as civil disputes, where at least one party to the dispute is engaged in commercial activities. However, this category does not apply in disputes between a good/service provider and a consumer. In this case, the law allows the party to choose between litigation and arbitration. Even the agreement includes a standard arbitration clause in the supply of goods or services contract, the dispute may not be arbitrated without the consumer’s consent. The final category of disputes permissible for arbitration gives legislators discretion to expand or maintain the types of disputes resolved through arbitration.  An example of a category (3) dispute is a dispute arising from investment activities governed by the Law on Investment.
Arbitration has become an extremely popular method of dispute resolution, as many businesses prefer it over the high costs of litigation.
How ANT Lawyers Could Help Your Business?
Contact Us for ADR & Mediation Services provided by qualified mediators and lawyers, supported by field experts. Via email ant@antlawyers.vn, office tel (+84) 24 32 23 27 71 or talk to our partner directly at + 84 912 817 823.




Thứ Sáu, 3 tháng 11, 2017

How hard is it to invalidate a patent?

The common fallacy that may be the impetus of your question is that patents are easy to get. They’re not—I’ve seen inventors spend a decade and hundreds of thousands of dollars getting one. So to invalidate someone’s life’s work will take you more than a casual search on Google. :)

What you see in the other answers is that it’s generally very difficult to invalidate a patent, and often very expensive, precisely because you basically have to re-do everything they spent years and lots of money doing to get the patent (which is very difficult) and then find a critical error or fraud in that process. And odds are, they’re geniuses, which is why they got the patent. They are probably students who have based their theses on them, large companies who are their customers and would lose umpteen millions if it were overturned, famous professors who have co-authored papers with them—not to mention a growing list of lawyers who have spent a decade learning the technologies well enough to help them get the patent.

The public relations arms of the serial infringers will tell you that patents are often sketchy and all you need to do if an inventor asks you to get a license to use his invention is to threaten to ‘turn him in’ for asking, threaten to ‘invalidate his patent.’ No, as others have said, patents are presumed valid because they normally are. All those questions of obviousness and stuff already have a very long paper-trail. And the question the original patent examiner researches isn’t whether it’s obvious to normal people, it’s whether it’s obvious to other geniuses, those ‘skilled in the art’ as it were.

It’s not that it doesn’t happen. It’s that it’s a difficult long expensive uphill battle, and it’s that the media, when they say otherwise, are mostly reporting paid PR pieces from large and beloved corporate defendants.

As with all questions of fact, you academically must kill your darlings to find the truth.

How ANT Lawyers Could Help Your Business?
Please click here to learn more about ANT Lawyers IP Practice or contact our IP lawyers in Vietnam for advice via email ant@antlawyers.vn or call our office at (+84) 24 32 23 27 71




Thứ Sáu, 27 tháng 10, 2017

Protecting Intellectual Property Rights Abroad for Vietnam Enterprises

The development of international supply chains has become a critical success factor for big companies, and should be seen as important key for products of developing countries to gain entry into high standard market such as USA, European Countries, and Japan. However, many Vietnam companies have experienced problems in shifting their supply chain abroad as well as managed their intellectual property such as geographical indication, trademarks.
On October 24th, 2017, Vietnam Intellectual Property Association (VIPA) in cooperation with the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI), International Association for the Protection of Intellectual Property Rights (AIPPI) organized the seminar “Protecting intellectual property rights abroad for Vietnamese enterprises” to provide Vietnam companies value information for protecting their Intellectual Property right in the Fourth Industrial Revolution and global supply chain development.
All the experts have strongly recognized the important role of intellectual property protection abroad for Vietnamese enterprises and introduced:
-Introduction to the International World of Intellectual property
-Protecting a valuable asset- How to protect your Brand with Madrid
-Options to protect an invention: Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) and trade Secrets
-Introduction to the international design System- Hague
-Other WIPO services, Tools and Products
-About International Association for the Protection of Intellectual Property- AIPPI (Association Internationale pour la Protection de la Propriété Intellectuelle)
Vietnam is a member of the WIPO and is a signatory to the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property. It has acceded to the Patent Cooperation Treaty and the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks, and in 2004 joined the Berne Convention. Therefore, the Vietnamese enterprises should file trademarks, patents or industrial designs by international systems for saving cost and managing the registration procedures effectively. However, it is suggested that the international Bureau of WIPO does not decide whether trademarks, patents or industrial designs are eligible for protection or not, and the final decisions must depend on Intellectual Property law of each country i.e. Vietnam. For differences of laws in every country and difficult techniques when preparing Intellectual Property application, applicants should find valuable assistant from Intellectual Property agent.
Our licensed agent of intellectual property practice at ANT Lawyers helps clients to protect, and profit from their intellectual assets in Vietnam.
ANT Lawyers is supported by a team of experienced patent, trademark, design attorneys with qualification and skills handling full range of legal services relating to intellectual property in Vietnam.  We have specialized in the preparation and registration of patents, trademarks and designs for our clients.
Tuan Nguyen and Thao Hoang @ ANT Lawyers

How ANT Lawyers Could Help Your Business?

Please click here to learn more about ANT Lawyers IP Practice or contact our IP lawyers in Vietnam for advice via email ant@antlawyers.vn or call our office at (+84) 24 32 23 27 71


Thứ Năm, 26 tháng 10, 2017

Non-Compete Agreement In Labor Contract

The principle “freedom to work” is recognized and respected by the Labor Code 2012. However, this regulation may harm legitimate business interests of employers when employees, during the performance of the laborcon tract or especially after the termination of the labor contract, reveal the business or technology secrets to compete with the employers. Therefore it is necessary to create the limits on the freedom to work, for the purpose of preventing workers from revealing employers’ business or technology secrets. Law in many countries around the world has recognized “Non-Compete Agreement” as a tool to enforce security programs.
The Labor Code 2012 and sub-law documents do not mention to the definition of “Non Compete Agreement”, but make the provision that: “When an employee performs a job which is directly related to business or technology secrets as prescribed by law, the employer may reach a written agreement with the employees on the content and duration of protection of business or technology secrets, and benefits and compensation in case of violation by the employees”.
The definition of “Non-Compete Agreement” is inferred by explaining the provisions of law and referred to the articles of legal experts. “Non-Compete Agreement” is a legal contract between an employee and an employer, for a purpose of preventing the worker from competing directly or working for a competitor during the performance of the labor contract or especially after the termination of the labor contract. Thereby, we can infer that only when employers have business or technology secrets, they have the right to make Non-Compete Agreement. Moreover, the legitimate business interests that are protected must be legal, unique, influence the maintenance, stability and development of business activities.
Analyzing the provision “Non-Compete Agreement”, we can conclude that, the employees adjusted by the “Non-Compete Agreement” is the worker who is directly involved in business or technology secrets (such as the senior managers, senior technicians and others are obliged to keep business or technology secrets). The Labor Code 2012 has regulated that the “Non-Compete Agreement” must be on text.
The provision of Non-Compete Agreement is necessary for employers to protect business or technology secrets, but it is difficult for workers to find job after the contract terminates. Therefore, Non-Compete Agreement should balance the interests between employers and employees by setting reasonable limits in time, geographic scope and particular industry or activity.
(i) For restriction on time, the Labor Code 2012 does not specify restriction period or the point of starting restriction period. This is entirely upon the parties. However, Non-Compete Agreement can not be enforced unless it specifies a reasonable restriction period. Referring to the law of some European countries (Germany, France) and Asian countries for example in China, the maximum restriction time is 02 years, to ensure that employees have conditions to find new jobs.
Moreover, it provides opportunities for employers to motivate, improve the technology and business secrets to develop. On the other hand, law in some other countries distinguishes between highly skilled workers (group 1) and unqualified employees (group 2). Spanish law is a typical example, the maximum restriction period is two years for workers in group 1 and six months for group 2.
(ii) Restriction on geographic scope is not regulated in Vietnamese law. Meanwhile, most countries such as France, China and Russia all regulate that the restriction is on the whole country. However, due to differences in society, economic and education conditions, Vietnam can hardly regulate like that. On the other hand, when making the provisions of the restrictions on geographic scope, it is necessary to base on the performance of the company, the method of production, the size of and the type of company.
(iii) For restriction on particular industry or activity, most courts tend to consider the work that employees will work in the new labor contract. Normally, if the new job is similar to the old one, it will not be approved by the court. Under the Labor Code 2012, the content of restrictions on particular industry or activity when employees enter into agreement include: (i) obligation to keep trade information confidential (business secrets, technology secrets) ; (ii) not be able to work for the competitor of former employers or to conduct his own business competing with former employers.
Labor Code in our country does not specify the scope of the restriction on particular industry or activity, it depends entirely on the will of the parties. Non-Compete Agreement can not be applied to all jobs, but only to those who hold business and technology secrets. For every type of work there will be a different range of restrictions. The scope of the restriction is not exceeding the employees’ professional capacity and ensuring the opportunity of works in the future.
The benefit that employees receive when signed the Non-compete Agreement can be the opportunity for promotion, high salary, and commendation if the Non-Compete Agreement is made while the labor contract is valid. If the Non-Compete Agreement is applied after the labor contract terminates, employees shall receive the compensation. The amount of compensation is upon the agreement of the parties and must be satisfactory with the restriction of job opportunities. There are some cases that employees may not be entitled compensation are to violate the Non-Compete Agreement or die or prison sentence.
According to the Labor Code 2012, in case of violating the non-compete contract, employees have obligation to compensate, but it does not give specific compensation amount as well as the method of compensation. In order to claim compensation, employers must demonstrate these following factors: (1) the violation of the Non-Compete Agreement; (2) actual damage (the lost revenue and profit of the employer); (3) the causal relationship between the infringement and the damage; (4) fault of the employee. The amount of compensation must correspond to the amount of lost revenue or profit. In addition, employees must return the non-owned assets that are exploited and developed to compete with former employers. Moreover, employees must repay the compensation and other benefits paid by former employers if agreed in the agreement.
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